These works are the product of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce; This is a U.S. government agency and so the works are not subject to copyright.

Copyrights, Trademarks

It should be pointed out that, Java and HotJava are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc., and refer to Sun's Java programming language and HotJava browser technologies. Netscape Navigator and JavaScript are trademarks of Netscape Communications Corporation. Microsoft Internet Explorer is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Any other trademarked names are trademarks of their respective owners, as well.


I try to make these pages and programs as reliable as possible, but mistakes will happen.

In any case, no endorsement of any commercial products by either NIST, the Department of Commerce or the U. S. Government is implied.

Created by Judith Devaney @ NIST (judith.devaney@nist.gov)