F Utility Modules

F.1 LaTeXML::Util::Pathname

Portable pathname and file-system utilities


This module combines the functionality File::Spec and File::Basename to give a consistent set of filename utilities for LaTeXML. A pathname is represented by a simple string.

Pathname Manipulations

$path = pathname_make(%peices);

Constructs a pathname from the keywords in pieces dir : directory name : the filename (possibly with extension) type : the filename extension

($dir,$name,$type) = pathname_split($path);

Splits the pathname $path into the components: directory, name and type.

$path = pathname_canonical($path);

Canonicallizes the pathname $path by simplifying repeated slashes, dots representing the current or parent directory, etc.

$dir = pathname_directory($path);

Returns the directory component of the pathname $path.

$name = pathname_name($path);

Returns the name component of the pathname $path.

$type = pathname_type($path);

Returns the type component of the pathname $path.

$path = pathname_concat($dir,$file);

Returns the pathname resulting from concatenating the directory $dir and filename $file.

$boole = pathname_is_absolute($path);

Returns whether the pathname $path appears to be an absolute pathname.

$boole = pathname_is_url($path);

Returns whether the pathname $path appears to be a url, rather than local file.

$rel = pathname_is_contained($path,$base);

Checks whether $path is underneath the directory $base; if so it returns the pathname $path relative to $base; otherwise returns undef.

$path = pathname_relative($path,$base);

If $path is an absolute, non-URL pathname, returns the pathname relative to the directory $base, otherwise simply returns the canonical form of $path.

$path = pathname_absolute($path,$base);

Returns the absolute pathname resulting from interpretting $path relative to the directory $base. If $path is already absolute, it is returned unchanged.

File System Operations

$modtime = pathname_timestamp($path);

Returns the modification time of the file named by $path, or undef if the file does not exist.

$path = pathname_cwd();

Returns the current working directory.

$dir = pathname_mkdir($dir);

Creates the directory $dir and all missing ancestors. It returns $dir if successful, else undef.

$dest = pathname_copy($source,$dest);

Copies the file $source to $dest if needed; ie. if $dest is missing or older than $source. It preserves the timestamp of $source.

$path = pathname_find($name,%options);

Finds the first file named $name that exists and that matches the specification in the keywords %options. An absolute pathname is returned.

If $name is not already an absolute pathname, then the option paths determines directories to recursively search. It should be a list of pathnames, any relative paths are interpreted relative to the current directory. If paths is omitted, then the current directory is searched.

If the option installation_subdir is given, it indicates, in addition to the above, a directory relative to the LaTeXML installation directory to search. This allows files included with the distribution to be found.

The types option specifies a list of filetypes to search for. If not supplied, then the filename must match exactly. The type * matches any extension.

@paths = pathname_findall($name,%options);

Like pathname_find, but returns all matching (absolute) paths that exist.