Measuring and Improving the Readability of Network VisualizationsCody Dunne
Department of Computer Science , University of Maryland
Tuesday, August 28, 2012 15:00-16:00,
Network data structures have been used extensively in recent years for modeling entities and their ties for many diverse disciplines. Analyzing networks involves understanding the complex relationships between entities as well as any attributes, statistics, or groupings associated with them. The omnipresent node-link visualization excels at showing network topology and features simultaneously, but many node-link visualizations are not easily readable or difficult to extract meaning from because of inherent network complexity or size. Moreover, for every network there are many potential unintelligible or even misleading drawings.
In this talk we discuss three strategies to help users create more effective node-link visualizations in NodeXL, as well as a novel alternate network visualization technique called GraphTrail. We first detail readability metrics to quantify the effectiveness of node-link visualizations, localize areas needing improvement, and feed into assistive layout tools. Next, we introduce a technique called motif simplification that leverages the repeating patterns or motifs in a network to reduce visual complexity and increase readability. We then discuss meta-layout algorithms that take attribute- or topology-based groupings into account, so as to more clearly show the ties within groups and the aggregate relationships between groups. Moving beyond node-link visualizations, we turn to GraphTrail, a technique for analyzing networks through exploration of node and edge aggregates. GraphTrail captures users' interactions and integrates this history directly in the exploration workspace, which improves exploration recall and sharing of analyses with others.
Speaker Bio: Cody Dunne is a PhD candidate in Computer Science at the University of Maryland Human Computer Interaction Lab. His research focuses on information visualization, specifically on improving the readability of network visualizations and the application of network analysis techniques to real-world problems. Some examples include visualizing citations in academic literature, interactions of people and organizations, relationships in archaeological dig sites, term co-occurrence, thesaurus category relationships, and computer network traffic flow. He is a contributor to the NodeXL project, an open source network visualization template for Microsoft Excel. Cody earned a B.A. in Computer Science and Mathematics from Cornell College in 2007 and an M.S. in Computer Science from the University of Maryland in 2009.
Contact: J. E. Terrill
Note: Visitors from outside NIST must contact Cathy Graham; (301) 975-3668; at least 24 hours in advance.