Singular Shocks in a TwoFluid Model for Bubbly Flows
Barbara Keyfitz Department of Mathematics, University of Houston
Monday, April 29, 2002 15:0016:00, Room 145, NIST North (820) Gaithersburg Monday, April 29, 2002 13:0014:00, Room 4550 Boulder
Abstract:
In a number of physical and engineering systems, the result of
basic modeling is a system of equations of nonhyperbolic type:
these are equations whose linearizations are, in effect,
meaningless vis a vis the character of the physical problem at hand.
The user community has been uncertain about how to treat these models
but there is a simple mathematical explanation: the models may be an
incomplete (rather than incorrect) description of the physical phenomenon.
In this talk I will outline some models which arise in twophase flow,
and show how an analysis of the nonlinear nonhyperbolic operator can
be undertaken using conservation law theory. A novel kind of weak
solution  a socalled singular shock  appears in solving Riemann
problems for this operator. Recent work of Michael Sever, which I
will describe, sheds light on the nature of these singular shocks.
Using these solutions, one can say that the models predict phenomena
which are consistent with the physical considerations that
went into their derivation.
Contact: A. J. KearsleyNote: Visitors from outside NIST must contact
Robin Bickel; (301) 9753668;
at least 24 hours in advance.
